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Homesthetics

Complex Skyscraper Design-China Central Television Headquarters by OMA

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

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The conception began in 2002 and now, after 10 years of construction, the CCTV Headquarters are officially complete. The tall building is one of the most impressive skyscrapers ever built, an icon for China and a most intriguing piece of architecture.

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

The construction has become a dominating item for the Beijing skyline and one of its most famous landmarks. Much different from any normal skyscraper it stands out for the innovative design it embraces and the enormous engineering challenges it presented, overcomed with success by the team leading the project. Seeing the huge project finally completed and acclaimed by the critics, the project leader, Ole Scheeran stated, before the oppenning ceremony, in the name of the entire team: “This is a truly special and momentous occasion to witness the final completion ceremony of the new CCTV headquarters which will enliven Beijing’s Central Business District. A decade since the beginning, it is tremendously rewarding to see our collective vision realized in a building that will now start to take its active place in this city and as the home to a global broadcaster.”

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

The tower serves as headquarters for China Central Television (CCTV) that was formerly located at the China Central Television Building. Rising from a common platform, two towers are inclined towards each other and eventually merge in a perpendicular, 75- metre cantilever. The design combines the entire process of TV making into one giant headquarters were all activities are connected. The main building is not a traditional tower, but a loop of six horizontal and vertical sections covering 473,000 m (1,552,000 ft) of floor space, creating an irregular grid on the building’s facade with an open center. The construction of the building is considered to be a structural challenge, especially because it is in a seismic zone. A diagrid within the facade expresses the paths though which the forces and loads are directed; a web of diagonals becomes denser in areas needing additional support and more open within areas of less stress, making the structure of the building visible from the outside, a sincere gesture that completes the design and makes it one of a kind.

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

Description from architects:

„Today OMA participated in the official construction completion ceremony for the China Central Television (CCTV) Headquarters in Beijing, which will start to be used later this year. Designed by OMA as a reinvention of the skyscraper as a loop, construction on the building began in 2004. At approximately 473, 000m2, CCTV – accommodating TV studios, offices, broadcasting and production facilities – is OMA’s largest ever project and its first major building in China.

CCTV defies the skyscraper’s typical quest for ultimate height. Rising from a common platform, two towers lean towards each other and eventually merge in a perpendicular, 75-metre cantilever. The design combines the entire process of TV-making – formerly scattered in various locations across the city – into a loop of interconnected activities.
The structure of the CCTV Headquarters, and the forces at work within it, is visible on its façade: a web of diagonals that becomes dense in areas of greater stress, looser and more open in areas requiring less support. The façade itself becomes a visual manifestation of the building’s structure.

Rem Koolhaas commented: “I am very happy, after years of intense collaboration, that the CCTV building will soon begin to perform its role in the way it is intended.”

The CCTV project was led by OMA / Rem Koolhaas, former OMA partner Ole Scheeren (until 2010), OMA partner David Gianotten and project manager Dongmei Yao in close collaboration with partners Shohei Shigematsu, Ellen van Loon and Victor van der Chijs. The design team consisted of project architects Anu Leinonen, Charles Berman and Adrianne Fisher together with a team of over 100 architects from OMA.

The structural and MEP design was provided by Cecil Balmond and Arup, while ECADI (East China Architectural Design & Research Institute) functioned as the Local Design Institute. Design Consultants included Front INC, Inside/Outside, DHV, DMJMH+N, Lerch Bates & Associates, LPA, Sandy Brown Associates and Romano Gatland NY.”

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

Homesthetics conclusion:

This project is amazing from any point of view. The designers have done a wonderful job in terms of architecture, engineering and interior layout. I particularly took notice, probably by everybody else, of the giant cantilever, the crown jewel of the project. Anyone could say that it is of course very impressive but from an architect’s point of view, well it is a different story. It is a trully brilliant example of enginnering, something many will observe and follow.

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

China Central Television Headquarters by OMA Homesthetics

architects: OMA
photographs: OMA, Iwan Baan, Jim Gourley, Philippe Ruault
completion due: 2012
competition: 2002
client: china central television (CCTV)
site: 20 hectares in new central business district
program: CCTV total 473.000m2: administration 64.200 m2, multi-purpose 54.900m2, news production 65.800m2, broadcasting 31.800m2,
program production 105.400m2, staff facilities 30.000m2, parking 61.500m2. service building 15.000m2
budget: 5 billion RMB (850 million EUR)
tower 1: height: 234m, 54 floors. footprint: 40x60m,2,400m2
tower 2: height: 210m, 44 floors. footprint: 40x52m, 2,000m2
overhang bottom: 162m, 14 floors
overhang cantilever: 75m to the west, 67m to the south
base height: 45m, 9 floors, footprint 160x160m
basement: 18m, 4 floors

partners in charge: design rem koolhaas and ole scheeren (until 2010), david gianotten, in collaboration with partners shohei shigematsu,
ellen van loon and victor van der chijs.
project manager: yao dongmei
project architects: anu leinonen, charles berman, adrianne fisher
team: chris van duijn, hiromasa shirai, steven smith, gabriela bojalil, joao bravo da costa, catarina canas, holly chacon, dan cheong,
keren engelman, gaspard estourgie, kam fai tai, fang tieying, feng pei, sarah gibson, chris james, michel van der kar, paul kroese, peter lee,
liu xiaodong, stuard maddox, joseph monteleone, christina murphy, shiro ogata, roberto otero, daan ooievaar, torsten schroeder, shi wenchian,
faustina tsai, jasmine tsoi, wang xinyuan, victoria willocks, wu you, xu tian tian, dirk zschunke
with: jeffrey bolhuis, georg bucher, johannes buchholz, paul burgstaller, max burianek, tim callaghan, gonzalo laurentiu coceanga,
guillaume colboc, pedro costa gama, dorthee dietz, melissa dowler, lodewijk van eeghen, rodney eggleston, steffen ell, mamen escorihueles,
joris fach, joao gomes branco teodosio, hendrik gruss, james harper, yiannis kanakakis, suse koch, lawrence leung, li guilin,
menno van der meer, rodrigo nunez carrasco, florian pucher, beatriz ramo lopez, max rink, beatrice schiavina, max schwitalla,
manuel shvartzberg, arianna spaccasassi, antonio teles branco, laurent troost, loy tsao, steffie wedde, wang yunzhu, yu long
support: lisa aalders, may yan fan, li dan, liu aoshuang, liu yonghong, sun yongzhen, ou qiang, wang yimeng, wang yu, wu xinghua,
xu yi, zhang yajuan
competition team: rem koolhaas, ole scheeren, shohei shigematsu, alain fouraux, fernando donis; with adrianne fisher, anu leinonen,
hiromasa shirai, tammo prinz, catarina canas, erez ella, victoria willocks, johannes buchholz, guillaume colboc, mamen escorihuela,
sarah gibson, shiro ogata, torsten schroeder, l. e. tsao, zhaohui wu, yimin zhu

collaborators:

associate architects and engineers: ECADI (east china architecture & design institute), shanghai
structure + services: arup, london / hong kong / beijing
project principal: cecil balmond
project director: rory mcgowan
project director, beijing: michael kwok
project manager, beijing: craig gibbons
CCTV structure – lead: chris carroll
technical adviser beijing: goman ho
project manager: alexis lee
TVCC structure – lead: stuart smith
team: carolina bartram, paul cross, mimmy dino, richard lawson, zhao-fan li, peng liu, andrew luong, john macarthur, hamish nevile, dan pook,
chas pope, andrew smith, terence yip, with: abdul ahmed, wayne chan, dean clabrough, omar diallo, sam hatch, jonathan kerry, ronald li,
man-kit luk, steve peet, fei tong, paul tonkin, ben urick, william whitby, robin wilkinson, baiqian wan, yihua wang, michelle wong, stella wong,
eric wu, angela yeung, george zhao. services – directors: alistair guthrie, stephen jolly, iain lyall. mechanical – lead: clodagh ryan. lead beijing: lewis shiu.
team: john allcock, olly base, graham beadle, peter brickell, kenneth chong, judy coleman, eddie scuffell, jodh singh, william zhang, with: annie chen,
rachel harris, alex hart, tai hollingsbee, paul lander, martin walton, william wong, g b wang. electrical – lead: john pullen. lead – hk / beijing: kenneth sin.
team: chi wing chow, chai kok eow, dane green, sabrina wong, with: geoff balrow, tony campbell, stephen chan, mike evans, nathan hattersley, bob jones,
tony monroe, david seager, olumayowa soluade, sam wise, alba xu, kai-sing yung. public health – lead: david george team: graham humphreys, bob lau,
adam martin, glen swinney; with: james cheung, jun chen, yang ming, de-ming wen. security: david hadden, simon brimble, with: philip barker, jeff green,
john haddon, ryan sukhram, andrew webster. geotechnics – mark choi, jack pappin, with: gary ge, dominic holt, james lui. atg – xiaonian duan, with: colin ho,
yang wang control: david pritchard. wind: roy denoon, alex to, with: andrew minson. fire – lead: mingchun luo, longde zhao. team: angela chan, barbara lane,
susan lamont, with: shi bibo, dagang guo, gene kwan, kang li, he wei, kelvin wong

facade engineering and design consultancy: front inc, new york
partner, project leader: marc simmons
partners: bruce nichol, martin riese
director of engineering: philip khalil
senior engineer: chen zhan
facade consultant: brian guerrero

broadcast consultancy: sandy brown associates llp, london
consultant: david lamberty

lighting: lighting planners associates
tokyo principal: kaoru mende
directors: yutaka inaba, mari kubota, hideto mori, ryuichi sawada, kentato tanaka
senior associate: mari kubota
associates: ken okamoto, chika tanaka
planners: aki hayakawa, junko inomoto, momoko muraoka, akiko okunaka, natsuko ueda

acoustics consultancy: DHV building and industry, eindhoven
principal consultant: l.(renz).c.j. van luxemburg
senior consultant: theo .m.j. raijmakers
senior consultant: b.h.m. kok
consultant: stephan. j.w. nabbe
consultants: nicole a.h.m. van hout, marly l.c. kole, bertie w.m. van den braak

theatre consultancy: dUCKS scéno, france
scenographer: michel cova
lighting and audiovisual designers: aldo de sousa, jean-françois mathais
stage equipment designers and engineers: stefan abromeit, clément dreano

vertical transportation consultants: lerch, bates & associates, london
project director: adrian godwin
project engineers: chris manning, peter noon
design engineers: les gilbey, thet khin

high rise consultant: DMJMH+N, los angeles
principal: michael mann
project architect: bruce toman
senior architect: john hess
architect: jane chen

food service consulting and planning: romano gatland, new york
principal for programming; principal in charge: christopher c. brady
CCTV principal for design CCTV; project manager: mark v. romano
TVCC principal for design TVCC: russ pizzuto
principal for programming: gary nokes
team: david cutrone, stanley d. gatland, matthew gatland, matthew klein, w. michael kell, john lobianco, james pizzuto, shrley heng romano
landscape: inside outside, amsterdam
principal designer: petra blaisse
architect: mathias lehner

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