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An exclusive resort comprising 34 residential villas and a hotel with 40 villa suites,Alila Villas Uluwatu was designed in 2004 by Singapore-based studio WOHA architects and completed in June 2009.
The 35 1/2 acres development site is located on a cliff top plateau along the southern coastline of Bali on the Bukit Peninsula, where individual,private villas are tiered and oriented for maximum view to the panoramic sea and horizon.
“The architectural language combines refreshing contemporary lines and detailing with traditional materials that allude to the rich Balinese culture and built heritage.
The interiors are lushly furnished and resonate with a soft, clean chic-ness that contrasts with the rich and rugged gardens and site.”
The Villas at Alila Villas Uluwatu can be booked all year round from $1,070 to $5,340 per night, depending on the size of the villa and the season, all hosting luxurious interior design hosted in an amazing location.
Alila Villas Uluwatu by WOHA Architects:
“This hotel and villa development is designed as an ecologically sustainable development. Located on the dry savannah landscape of the Bukit Peninsular on the dramatic southern cliffs of the Indonesian island of Bali, it comprises of a 50 suite hotel with 35 residential villas. The resort opens its doors on 1 June 2009.
Contribution to World Architecture Culture
The design investigates the potential of the fusion of vernacular architecture with modernist design. The design combines the delights of traditional Balinese pavilion architecture and rural landscapes with modern dynamic treatment of space and form. The design is based from first principles around the pleasures inhabiting the particular site, rather than assembling stereotypical images of Bali or generic resorts.
A unique design language was developed for the project. Rather than the typical steep pitched Balinese pavilions, which would have blocked the views on the gentle slopes, and which are not local to the area, the buildings are instead inspired by the local farmers terraces of loose piled limestone boulders. A terraced low pitched roof was developed using Balinese volcanic pumice rock, which is a natural insulating material and can also support local ferns and succulents. These terraced roofs blend with the landscape, keeping the original wide open panoramas that make the site so unique.
The hotel rooms are designed as inhabited gardens, rather than an interior room. The garden walls form the walls of the room, within which sleeping, eating, lounging and bathing occur in a garden environment. Every hotel villa has a pool with a cabana overlooking the sea.
The hillside villas are designed as pavilions linked by bridges across water gardens, tucked into the hillside as terraces. Each villa forms a landscape foreground for the villa behind it.
Respect for Context / Planet
The design focused on preservation of the qualities of the site from the beginning.
The masterplan respects the contours to avoid cutting and fill. All large trees are maintained or transplanted. Site vegetation was surveyed and documented, with specimens sent to Kew Gardens for identification. A site nursery has been started, propagating the native plants which are being used in the landscape rather than exotic species from nurseries. The local plants are adapted to the dry savannah landscape by going dormant in the dry season and flowering spectacularly and will provide a unique seasonal display of flowers. These native gardens will require far less water, and will encourage local animals and birds to remain in the area.
Materials are all sourced locally – stone walls are using stone from the actual site from the road cuttings, while all other materials are either from Bali or the neighbouring island of Java. Sustainable timbers including coconut and bamboo are used. Craftsmen in Java and Bali are making the interior furniture, lamps and accessories. This strategy makes the development unique in terms of its materials, supports local skills and gives local materials prestige, promoting their use with the locals rather than them aspiring to expensive imported products.
The development has been designed from the start to exceed Green Globe 21 requirements. An environmental consultant drafted an environmental plan from the design stage onwards. The contractor has committed to an environmental quality plan for the construction phase, and the hotel operator has also committed to environmental practices for the running of the hotel.
Environmental techniques used include:
Design respects natural contours
Rainwater collection and water recycling in retention ponds
Aquifer recharging through soaks, swales and rain gardens
All wastewater goes to grey water system for watering plants and toilet flushing
All sewerage is treated and sewerage water recycled in grey water system
Huge overhangs to allow natural cooling
Water heating using heat pumps.
Landscaping based on natural vegetation to encourage wildlife
Landscaping based on dry-climate natural vegetation to save water
Recycled and/or plantation and/or renewable timber
Materials sourced locally and even on site (eg rubble walls)
Saltwater pools rather than chlorine
Waste separation and recycling
Naturally ventilated public areas
Non-chemical termite treatment
Non-toxic preservative treatment to timber and bamboo
Low energy lighting
Nature awareness programs for guests
Local community involvement in activities outside of the resort
Employment for surrounding villagers
The development is an appropriate next step in resorts, where luxury does not mean excessive consumption, but instead delight and enjoyment of the natural beauty and sense of place. The development is gentle, embracing the landscape. It is located in an impoverished, dry, rural area, so replacing marginal agriculture with tourism that generates substantial employment and income for local people. It maintains local flora and fauna. Through showcasing local skills, materials and vernacular elements, it confirms the local people’s opinion that they live in a marvelous place that should be cherished and maintained.”